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Year : 2005  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 51-53

Current trends in bacteriology of burns in our burn unit, Ahmedabad

Department of Burns & Plastic Surgery, B. J. Medical College & Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, India

Correspondence Address:
K J Pate
Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, B. J. Medicla college, Ahmedabad 380 016
Vishal R Patel
349, Residential Area, B/H Gunjan cinema, G I D C, Vapi. (Gujarat)
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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A prospective study of microbial flora of burn wounds was carried out from November- 2002 to November- 2005, at the Burns unit of B. J. Medical College & Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad. During this period of the study, out of many hundreds of patients being treated, 203 were selected for our study. Wound swab cultures were assessed at weekly intervals for four weeks. 354 sampling procedures (surface swabs) were performed from the burn wounds. The study revealed that bacterial colonization was observed in 80% of patients, within the first week of admission. Although the gram negative organisms, were more prevalent overall, staphylococcus aureus (28.4%) was the most prevalent organism in the first week. It was however, surpassed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa from third week onwards. For staphylococcus aureus & pseudomonas aeruginosa, Amoxicillin-Clavulinic acid and Ceftazidime were found to be most effective drugs, respectively. Isolates showed high level of resistance to other antimicrobial agents. Fungi were rarely found to colonize the burn wound in our burn patients.

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