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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2005  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 62-67

Epidemiological study of burn patients in burn centre, Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad


Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, B. J. Medical College and Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, India

Correspondence Address:
N K Deepu
No. 11, Nanjundeshwara Nilaya, Opposite to Veterinary Hospital, Nagasandra II Main, Tyagarajanagar, Basavanagudi, Bangalore-560004
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Burns is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in India. An epidemiological study of a disease, gives us the data for studying the disease in terms of magnitude, distribution and etiology. It also provides data for formulation of policies for prevention and control I of the disease. Burn centre, Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad has a large input of patients from three states, with an average admission of 600 patients every year. Our study is a I retrospective, descriptive type of epidemiological study, where in we studied data from our past record books, dating from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2005. The available data from these three years was distributed on the basis of type and mode of burns and also place, age and sex of th'e patient. From the above data, mortality rate was calculated. Thb following dere the results of this study. Most of our patients were accidental thermal burns, 75% of which were above 40% Total Body surface Area (TBSA). Most of the electrical burns (70%) were below 40% Total Body Surface Area. More than 50% were in the age group of 20-40 years. 70% of dur patients were females. Our overall mortality rate is SO%, but the mortality rate in 40-60% Total Body Surface Area of thermal burns has been reduced by 13%. Now our focus is on the 60-80% Total Body Surface Area category.


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