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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 56-61

A study of prognostic factors for prediction of complications and outcomes in burn patients

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Rahul Dalal
Flat No. K-302, Queen's Tower, New D.P. Road, Aundh, Pune, Maharashtra - 411 007
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-653X.147007

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Aim: The aim of the present study is to evaluate various prognostic factors in burn patients and predict prognosis and mortality of patients on the basis of prognostic factors. Materials and Methods: A study was conducted on 10 adults, total body surface area burns of >40% (40-90%) sequential thermal burn admissions at Burns Center. Blood samples were drawn from day of admission to discharge. Results and Statistics: (1) Fatal outcome in four patients, persistent serum cholesterol <100 mg%. (2) The difference in cholesterol values in patients with fatal outcome and survivors was significant. On comparing median cholesterol values for non-survivors and survivors on post-burn day-7, there was statistically significant difference (P = 0.039) by Mann-Whitney U-test. Serum cholesterol was significantly lower in fatal cases. (3) Infection or sepsis in patients correlated with the presence of toxic granules, toxic vacuoles on peripheral smear, raised total leukocyte count and low values of serum cholesterol. (4) Echinocytes (spiculated red blood cells [RBC]) were seen in all patients. In four patients, they persisted from post-burn day 4 until death. Progressive decrease in echinocytes, which correlated with rising cholesterol values was seen in survivors. Conclusion: Poor outcome in burn patients is related to persistently low serum cholesterol, high serum triglyceride and presence of echinocytes, toxic granules, toxic vacuoles and high white blood cell counts or vice-versa.

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