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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 83-87

Epidemiological study of burn patients admitted in a District Hospital of North Karnataka, India

1 Department of Community Medicine, S. N. Medical College, Bagalkot, India
2 Department of Public Health, KLE University, Belgaum, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Plastic Surgery, KLE Hospital, Belgaum, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Gowri Shankar
Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, S. N. Medical College, Bagalkot, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-653X.147014

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Background: Burns are among the most devastating of all injuries and a major global public health crisis. The objective of this study was to record and to evaluate the epidemiology and mortality of burn cases as they vary widely in different regions and then bring about a prevention program designed according to the needs of the region. Materials and Methods: Prospective data was collected after informed consent from all burn patients admitted to the Government District Hospital during the study period. The District Hospital is a 750 bedded Government Hospital with the burns ward of 20 beds under the Surgery Department. Information about patients socio-demographic profile, mode and cause of burn, total burn surface area, place of burn, material of clothing worn by the victim at the time of the incident and outcome were recorded on a pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire from the patients themselves if they were well enough or from their caretakers. Results: Out of 240 burn patients admitted during the study period, 134 (55.83%) were females. Majority (54.58%) were between 21 and 40 years of age. Flames caused 83.75% injuries (P = 0.001163). Maximum number (81.66%) were accidental followed by 9.58% alleged suicidal and 8.75% alleged homicidal injuries. At the time of injury, 48.75% victims were wearing synthetic clothes (P = 0.0000001). It was observed that the majority of the males (55.66%) recovered, whereas mortality was 51.47% in females (P = 0.0000001). The overall mortality rate was 37.50%. Conclusions: Utmost attention should be given by all concerned for prevention of burns and education regarding safety measures should be implemented in schools and colleges to decrease morbidity and mortality.

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