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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 61-65

Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and coping strategies among female burn victims: An exploratory study

1 Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Mental Health Research and Treatment Center, Ruhr University, Bochum, Germany
2 Department of Psychology and Sport Sciences, Westfälische Wilhelms Universitat Munster, Münster, Germany
3 National University of Modern language, Islamabad, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Ms. Akhtar Bibi
c/o Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Massenbergstr.9-13, 44787 Bochum
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijb.ijb_10_18

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Objective: The current study aimed at investigating the relationship between symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and different coping strategies. Moreover, it is also aimed at exploring the differences in symptoms of PTSD among single and married female victims. Methodology: A cross-sectional correlational research design was used. Fifty burn women, 18–45 years of age were recruited from different burn units and nongovernmental organizations of two adjacent cities. PTSD checklist (Weather, Litz, Herman, Huska and Keane, 1993) for civilians was used to assess the symptoms of PTSD, while Brief COPE Inventory (Carver, 1997) was used to measure the coping strategies of female burn victims. Results: Results indicated that there is a negative relationship between symptoms of PTSD and self-distraction, use of emotional support, use of instrumental support, venting, positive reframing planning, humor, whereas self-blame and active coping are positively associated with symptoms of PTSD (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The findings indicated that coping strategies are associated with PTSDs. Positive and adaptive coping strategies help the individuals to cope effectively with symptoms of PTSD as compare to negative/avoidant coping strategies. Moreover, it has been found that single and married burn victims experience the same level of PTSD symptoms. Limitations and suggestions are also discussed.

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