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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 40-46

Depressive symptoms in individuals with burns: A Brazilian study

1 PhD Student in the Graduate Nursing Program, Paulista School of Nursing, Federal University of São Paulo, SP; Nurse at the Burn Treatment Center, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil
2 PhD Student in the Graduate Nursing Program, Paulista School of Nursing, Federal University of São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Sandra Renata Pinatti de Moraes
Nurse, PhD student, Avenida Robert Koch, 60 Vila Operária, CEP: 86038-350, Londrina, Paraná
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijb.ijb_18_21

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Objectives: The objective of the study is to analyze the presence and intensity of depression symptoms in burn survivors. Methods: This is a descriptive and quantitative study, with 36 participants with burns admitted to a referral center in Londrina/PR, between January 2016 and May 2019. Interviews were conducted at two moments after hospital discharge with the application of psychometric scales for depression (Beck, Hamilton, and Montgomery-Asberg) and a semi-structured questionnaire for information on sociodemographic data. Data analysis was performed using statistical tests. Results: Most participants presented moderate and severe depressive symptoms, which were higher in the second interview. Regardless of having a previous diagnosis, there was an increase in the intensity of depressive symptoms from the first to the second assessment due to dissatisfaction with self-image, but without a significant association with sociodemographic variables. Most participants reported not wearing clothing to cover the injury and not worrying about hiding the injury. Conclusion: The expressive majority of the participants had depressive symptoms, the majority of which were of moderate and severe intensity.

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